Should DPC be above or below Airbrick? (2023)

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Should DPC be above or below Airbrick?

Air bricks may be located either above or below DPC level and where possible on all sides of the building. Ideally air bricks should be located at least 75 mm above hard and soft landscaped areas to reduce the risk of being obstructed or flooded (see diagram 1).

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How high should air bricks be off the ground?

An air brick is advised to be positioned at least 75mm above the ground to prevent obstruction. Air bricks can be blocked by a few things, including: Flooding.

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Where should damp proof course go?

Where is a Damp Proof Course Applied? A damp proof course is applied at the lower parts of the walls to restrict the movement of moisture rising up and through the walls.

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How far should ground level be below DPC?

The Building Regulations require at least 150mm between the dpc and the ground or any paving. This is what is known as 'Best Practice'.

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What is the minimum below DPC?

A minimum 225mm clear cavity below the DPC should be maintained.

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Where should wall DPC be placed?

Lay the DPC on a full even bed of fresh mortar in one continuous length, for the full width of the leaf. Provide at least a 100mm overlap at any joint or corners. The DPC must not obstruct the cavity. Ensure the external edge of the DPC is visible and not bridged by mortar when completing pointing of the mortar joint.

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Can air bricks be below ground level?

Installing Airbricks Below Ground Level

Ideally, airbricks should be placed 75mm above ground level, or be placed beside ground, which is sloped and draining. As many underfloor voids do not offer that kind of space, most construction uses underfloor vents to bring airflow up to a higher-placed airbrick.

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Should you block up air bricks?

Air bricks should never be blocked or closed and it is recommended that all air bricks are inspected and cleaned on an annual basis. reallymoving comment: Make sure that you employ the advice of a Chartered Surveyor before making any major alterations to your property.

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Why do I have air bricks with a concrete floor?

By having air circulating through air bricks into the cavity beneath floorboards cold or damp air does not remain in these spaces and the timbers used in joists and floorboards do not become damp and rot.

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What happens if there is no DPC?

In a property without a DPC, water can rise up from the ground through capillary action and through porous elements in your brickwork. If it creeps through the walls, it can cause structural problems and potentially lead to mould forming inside your home.

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Do you need engineering bricks below DPC?

Bricks should be of suitable durability, especially in the outer leaf below the DPC, or where they could be frozen when saturated. Bricks used in retaining walls should be suitable for the exposure and climate, as recommended by the manufacturer.

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What are the 3 types of DPC?


Should DPC be above or below Airbrick? (2023)
How thick should DPC be above ground level?

DPC is made up of cement concrete of mix 1:2:4 (1-cement: 2-coarse sand: 4-12.5mm stone aggregate) mixed with a good quality waterproofing compound. The waterproofing compound should be mixed as per the manufacturer’s instructions. The DPC should be of 40mm thickness and should be of uniform thickness.

Can you put gravel above DPC?

Hello, all paving or ground level must be 2 brick course below dpc. But when you have a bi fold door it is possible to have the paving on the same level as the dpc. However a gravel trap will simply not work properly.

Do you put insulation below DPC?

Although a watertight product like PERINSUL HL insulation can be installed above or below the damp proof course to align with the ground floor insulation, it does not replace damp proofing measures. It should be used in conjunction with a conventional DPC, specified in accordance with relevant standards.

What is a good DPC?

The best DPC is of plastic membrane placed across the whole width of the wall to its full length. Chemical DPC is also very effective. Chemical can be injected into the mortar joints or masonry units (brick, block,or stone) to form a continuous barrier to the passage of moisture rising from the ground.

What level does DPC go in?

Damp Proofing Wall Regulations: DPC must be at least 150mm above the level of the adjoining ground if it is in an external wall. It must also be continuous with any damp-proof membrane in the floor (i.e. no gaps!)

Does damp proof membrane go above or below concrete?

DPM's can be applied to either a suitable blinding layer under the slab or internally to the top of the slab. Consideration should be given to applying the DPM to the top of the slab, as the installation and moisture sensitive internal finishes are then protected from any residual moisture in the concrete.

What happens if water gets into air bricks?

Air Bricks, Damp, Rot, Condensation and Mould

Over time, these can cause structural damage to a property and even, in bad cases, cause the floor to break. If you feel a 'spongy' or soft area of your floor you could have a problem with this – but also remember, this can be a sign of a water leak!

What is the maximum air gap behind brick?

It's traditional for masons to leave 1″ of air space between the back of the brick and the framed wall. Brick and mortar are naturally porous and WILL LET WATER pass through, so this 1″ air gap is vital to drain the moisture out of the cavity. This airspace is hugely important.

What is the minimum air gap behind brick?

Brick with a 2-inch clear airspace behind the brick with vents at both the top and bottom of the brick. The vents shall be 3/8-inch × 2.5 inch openings every third brick at both the bottom and top. Stone or masonry veneer with a 2-inch clear airspace behind the stone with vents at the top and bottom.

Why do people block up air bricks?

Why Do Some Homeowners Block The Vents? The air bricks create an airflow underneath the floor; this can lead to drafts that pass through the floorboards into the home. Due to rising energy prices and a desire by many to reduce heating bills, some people choose to block the vents.

Can mice get through air bricks?

Check air bricks are in place and intact. Mice can squeeze through holes no bigger than the diameter of a pencil. If mice can fit through your air bricks then you can prevent this by fitting a wire mesh over them (don't block them!).

Does a brick house need to breathe?

Brick, with its porous surface, needs to breathe and when you put a shell (like paint) over it, it can no longer do that.

Will an air brick stop damp?

If a house is not properly ventilated, you may have problems with dampness and condensation. Problems often happen if airbricks (large bricks with holes through them) are blocked up. Airbricks are important because they ventilate the spaces above and below the floor.

How many air bricks should a house have?

Q: How many airbricks will I need? A: Every build is different but as standard, one airbrick per 1.5 m – 2m (dependent on the length of the wall) should be sufficient.

What prevents moisture coming through a concrete floor?

The first step in keeping moisture out of a concrete floor is using a waterproofing barrier such as polyethylene sheeting or other waterproof membranes. There are also some sealants that you can spread on the concrete floor and wait for it to dry. Water will then bead off the floor instead of absorbing in it.

Does DPC go above or below floor?

Unlike timber suspended floors where the damp proof course will be sited below floor level with solid constructed floors the DPC should always be sited above finished floor level and should be visible.

How do I know if my DPC has failed?

What are the signs of a faulty damp proof course?
  1. A damp tide mark, typically up to 1.5m high on your inner wall, external wall, or both caused by groundwater gradually rising through the porous surface of your brickwork.
  2. Damaged skirting boards.
  3. Peeling wallpaper.
  4. Salt deposits on wall.
  5. Blistering or peeling paint.
Jul 10, 2018

How many bricks are below DPC?

the top of the driveway should be 2 courses of bricks or 6 inches below the damo proof course. any higher and you will get damp bridging and your walls will become damp. do not take any other excuses, that is the regulation.

Do you use wall starters below DPC?

The wall starter should be used above the DPC and if as you say its only a small (single extension) you can get away with raising the starter kit so you will only need one for each leaf...

Can you inject DPC into brick?

How does damp proof injection work? DPC injection is designed to seep into the brickwork to prevent moisture rising up through the bricks by capillary action and causing rising damp. The active component, silane, lines the capillaries before drying. This creates the water repellent barrier.

What is the most common material in DPC?

Estimation of DPC is measured in square meters of area. Most commonly used material for damp proofing other than concrete is Bitumen.

What is the most common material used for DPC?

Two layers of stone slabs or slates laid in Lime, Cement and Sand Mortar (1:1:6) make a best DPC. They can also be laid in Cement Sand Mortar. It is used where a good quality of stone is easily and cheaply available.

What blocks to use below DPC?

Block Types

Both lightweight and dense aggregate concrete blocks can be used below ground level. Standard size blocks may be used or alternatively, specifically dimensioned foundation blocks are available from some members.

How wide should DPC be?

It is supplied in 30m length rolls and the following widths: 100mm, 112.5mm, 150mm, 225mm, 300mm, 337.5mm, 450mm, 600mm, 900mm and 1200mm.

Will gravel keep water away from foundation?

Gravel (and other rocks) act as barriers that shun rain and other forms of precipitation away from a building's foundation. Another benefit of using rock for drainage is that exposed rock absorbs the heat from sunlight more than other materials like mulch.

Can you paint bricks below DPC?

Generally, the painting of any surface that is damp is likely to fail. If it stays perfectly dry then you could use any good quality masonry paint system. On the assumption that this brickwork is slightly damp then your best chance of success would be to use an epoxy pool paint.

What stone is used for DPC?

Generally, dense and sound stones, such as granite, trap and slates, are laid in cement mortar in two courses to form an effective DPC. The stones are used for the full width of the wall. While laying the stones, care should be taken in breaking the continuity of vertical joints.

Do I need weep holes below DPC?

If inside an external cavity wall, the cavity should extend at least 225mm below DPC, or a cavity tray should be provided, with weep holes evenly spaced every 900mm so that water running down the cavity cannot pass into the inner leaf of the wall.

Do you need weep holes above DPC?

To allow water to drain out of the cavity, weepholes should be provided in the outer leaf immediately above the cavity tray and positioned at a maximum distance of 900mm centres.

Do you need weep holes at DPC level?

weep holes should be provided at a maximum of 450mm intervals. each opening should have at least two weep holes. cavity trays or combined lintels should have stop ends.

What bricks should be used below DPC?

Bricks Below DPC and at Ground Level

F2 and F1 freeze/thaw resistant bricks are considered satisfactory in these conditions. Surface water should not be permitted to pond at the base of a wall.

Should weep holes be above DPC?

Whichever cavity tray construction is used, weepholes are required. At least two weepholes must be provided to cavity trays above openings and pre-formed “weeps” should always be used at maximum 900mm centres and always be positioned at stop ends.

Should you fill the cavity below DPC?

A clear cavity for at least 225mm below dpc should be maintained. When specialised foundations are used, including those for timber framed buildings, this depth may be reduced to 150mm below dpc if weep holes are provided and other necessary measures are taken to ensure that the cavity can drain freely.

What happens to bricks below DPC?

The majority of the bricks below the DPC are appearing saturated/wet which is causing them to look darker and develop algae on them.

Should weep holes be below DPC?


A clear cavity for at least 225mm below dpc should be maintained. When specialised foundations are used, including those for timber framed buildings, this depth may be reduced to 150mm below dpc provided that weep holes and other necessary measures are taken to ensure that the cavity can drain freely.

How high is DPC in brickwork?

DPCs should be:

positioned a minimum of 150mm above external finished ground or paving level.

Can you put insulation below DPC?

Below damp proof course level is a potentially hostile environment for most common external wall insulation materials, as they are not tolerant of damp or wet areas. Furthermore, when installed below ground level, the insulation material can also be subject to soil pressure or ground heave.

Can you use normal bricks below DPC?

Bricks should be of suitable durability, especially in the outer leaf below the DPC, or where they could be frozen when saturated. Bricks used in retaining walls should be suitable for the exposure and climate, as recommended by the manufacturer.

Do you need wall ties below DPC?

Substructure and walls below the DPC shall use wall ties suitable for their intended use. Wall ties should comply with BS EN 845-1 or be assessed in accordance with Technical Requirement R3.

Do you put DPC under block and beam?

Do the floor beams require a dpc under the bearing ends? We do recommend that the bearing wall be protected by a suitable dpc at some point below the bearing level of the floor beams. This is a requirement of our BBA certificate and is to protect the pre-stressed steel within the beam.

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