What does T11 T12 and T13 mean?
Classes are given a number, and each number is prefixed with either a 'T', which stands for 'track', or an 'F' for 'field'. Impairments are split into groups – for example visually impaired athletes are in the tens (T11, T12 and T13); athletes with co-ordination impairments are in the thirties (T31-38).
T11/F11 - These athletes have a very low visual acuity and/or no light perception. T12/F12 - Athletes with a T12/F12 sport class have a higher visual acuity than athletes competing in the T11/F11 sport class and/or a visual field of less than five degrees radius.
As the number increases, the visual impairment decreases: T12 athletes will have better vision than T11 athletes, while T13 athletes are the least visually impaired of all in these categories. T13 athletes can typically recognise contours from 2-6 metres.
T11 and T12 vertebrae are particularly flexible sections of the spine and are subsequently the most common areas of the thoracic spine to get damaged. Thoracic spinal cord injuries are less severe than cervical spine injuries.
T13 – Athletes who have low vision in both eyes, but more vision than T12. Vision is affected either in how far they can see (visual acuity) or how wide they can see.
A classified T12 athlete for example, is a track athlete with a visual impairment. 11–13 – Visual impairment. 11 and 12 compete with a sighted guide.
|T12||Visual acuity ranges from LogMAR 1.50 to 2.60 (inclusive), and/or the visual field is constricted to a diameter of less than 10 degrees.|
|T13||Visual acuity ranges from LogMAR 1.40 to 1 (inclusive), and/or the visual field is constricted to a diameter of less than 40 degrees.|
The T11 is one of the two lowest vertebrae in your spinal thoracic region. Like the other thoracic vertebrae, they are attached to your ribcage, which helps to protect them from direct harm, though they can be subject to damage from compression fractures.
T11-13 (Vision impairment) T20 (Intellectual impairment) T35-38 (Co-ordination impairments (hypertonia, ataxia and athetosis)) T40-41 (Short stature)
What is T37 T38 Paralympics?
Athletics T38 (T37/38) was a competition class at the Tokyo Paralympics. ALL SPORTS. T12 (T11/12)
There are six broad Paralympics categories: amputee, cerebral palsy, intellectual disability, wheelchair, vision impairment, and "others." The amputee category is defined as one where the athlete has lost at least one major musculoskeletal joint; the ankle, knee, and elbow are common examples.
The region of your spinal cord protected by this vertebra controls your abdominal muscles, lower back, stability and support. Unfortunately, pain from a T12 injury can be tricky to diagnose as it can radiate to other areas of your body and not be centered where the injury actually is.
In continuing the “Your Spine” series, we move now to the lowest 2 vertebrae in your Thoracic spine. They are called T11 and T12. Your lowest 2 ribs are attached to these vertebrae.
T10 is situated at the umbilicus. The T10 vertebra is near the bottom of the twelve (12) thoracic vertebrae (T1-T12) within the torso and making up the central portion of the spinal column. This particular vertebra has a complete articular facet and the thoracic spinal nerves passes out under it.
Each class has a code consisting of a letter and two digits, with the letter being either "T" or "F" (indicating track or field events) and the number representing the level of physical ability. The current IPC classifications for athletics can be grouped by impairment as follows: T/F11–13 (visual impairment)
The Paralympic class for Track and Field athletes with intellectual impairment is T20/F20. The Prefix “T” to the class denotes Track events (e.g. T20) while “F” denotes Field events (e.g. F20). Who's Eligible.
T38 and CP8 are disability sport classification for disability athletics intended for people with cerebral palsy. It includes people who have coordination impairments such as hypertonia, ataxia and athetosis.
T54 is a disability sport classification for disability athletics in the track and jump events. The class includes people with spinal cord injuries who compete using a wheelchair in track events. They have paraplegia, but have normal hand and arm function, normal or limited trunk function, and no leg function.
Athletes with partial vision are allowed to compete if their impairment is enough for them to be considered legally blind. To make sure that the competition is an even contest, all athletes are required to be blindfolded when competing in the classification that includes the fully blind athletes.
What types of disabilities qualify for Paralympics?
Paralympics welcomes athletes from 10 categories of impairment: impaired muscle power; impaired range of movement; limb deficiency; leg length difference; short stature; hypertonia; ataxia (affecting muscle coordination); athetosis (such as cerebral palsy); vision impairment; and intellectual disability.
F31-34: These athletes compete in a seated position, in a throwing chair. T35-38: These athletes compete in running events. F35-38: These athletes compete in standing events. T40-41: Athletes with Les Autres, including short stature. T42-44: Athletes with impairment in one or both legs, often requiring a prosthetic.
On the track, cyclists compete on either tandem bikes or bikes. C1-C5 is for athletes with cerebral palsy, amputees and other conditions who can ride a bike. T1-T2 (trike) is for athletes with cerebral palsy, neurological conditions or other athletes who are unable to ride a bike.
Intellectual impairment classes: S14 swimmers have an intellectual impairment, which typically leads to the athletes having difficulties with regards to pattern recognition, sequencing, and memory, which impact on sport performance in general.
T35-38 (Co-ordination impairments (hypertonia, ataxia and athetosis)) T40-41 (Short stature) T42-44 (Lower limb competing without prosthesis affected by limb deficiency, leg length difference, impaired muscle power or impaired passive range of movement)
S10 SB9 SM10 Swimmers with very minimal impairment that affects one joint, usually their foot or hand.
T51-54: Wheelchair athletes
T51-52 have impairment in upper and lower limbs, T53 have fully functioning arms but no trunk function and T54 have partial trunk and leg functions.
Classification T54 is an athlete that is completely functional from the waist up. T53 athletes have restricted movement in their abdominals. T52 or T51 athletes have restricted movement in their upper limbs.
At the T1 through T11 levels, the ventral ramus eventually becomes an intercostal nerve that travels along the same path as the ribs (specifically between the innermost and internal intercostal muscles that connect adjacent ribs). At T12, the ventral ramus becomes a subcostal nerve that travels beneath the twelfth rib.
A T12 spinal cord injury affects lower body functions such as walking and bowel and bladder functions. Fortunately, individuals with T12 spinal cord injuries generally have normal, full functioning of their upper bodies, which allows a great deal of independence.
How serious is a T12 fracture?
This is the most severe type of spinal fracture because it can result in compressing the nerves, leading to neurological complications.
The T12 category is for athletes with visual impairment. Athletes in this category will generally have some residual sight, the ability to recognise the shape of a hand at a distance of 2 metres and the ability to perceive clearly will be no more than 2/60. T12 athletes commonly run with guides.
These vertebrae are important in the control of your kidneys, ureters, colon, small intestines, lymph circulation system, buttocks, and the uterus (in women). As with any of your vertebrae, the T11 can be the culprit of a wide range of health problems.
This takes most of the pressure off the fractured vertebral body, and allows the vertebrae to heal. It also protects the vertebra and stops further collapse of the bone. Vertebral fractures usually take about three months to fully heal.
A T1 to T11 injury will affect the intercostal muscles, the muscles between the ribs. A T7 to T12 injury will affect the abdominal muscles. The body needs the diaphragm, the intercostal muscles, and the abdominal muscles to breathe and cough well.
Many spine compression fractures heal in two or three months. If you have osteoporosis, a full recovery may take as long as a year. Regular follow-up visits during this time allow your doctor to evaluate the fractured vertebra and the way your spine is responding to the injury.
The seven vertebra in the neck are called the cervical vertebra. The top vertebra is called C-1, the next is C-2, etc. Cervical spinal cord injuries usually cause loss of function in the arms and legs, resulting in quadriplegia and spinal cord paralysis. The 12 vertebra in the chest are called the thoracic vertebra.
These nerves and muscles help control the rib cage, lungs, diaphragm and muscles that help you breathe. T-6 through T-12 nerves affect abdominal and back muscles. These nerves and muscles are important for balance and posture, and they help you cough or expel foreign matter from your airway.
Most fractures are treated with immobilization in a brace or corset for up to 12 weeks. Bracing helps to reduce pain and prevent deformity.
- Over the counter medications such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) and NSAIDS (anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen) can help to relieve your pain. ...
- If the majority of your pain occurs when you move, a back brace can help. ...
- Bed rest is often prescribed for the first few days following a vertebral fracture.