What is the healthiest parenting style?
Why experts agree authoritative parenting is the most effective style. Studies have found that authoritative parents are more likely to raise confident kids who achieve academic success, have better social skills and are more capable at problem-solving.
The authoritative parenting style has been proven to have the healthiest child outcomes, even across cultures and across ages of children, Greder said. Long-term studies show that the authoritative parenting style is more likely to result in children who are responsible, competent and have high self-esteem.
What's the authoritarian parenting style? Most effective parenting style. They have high expectations but temper these expectations with understanding and support for their children.
Kids raised by authoritative parents are more likely to become independent, self-reliant, socially accepted, academically successful, and well-behaved. They are also less likely to report depression and anxiety, and less likely to engage in antisocial behavior like delinquency and drug use.
In truth, there is no such person as a perfect parent - or a perfect child. Problem behavior is common among school-age children and takes up a significant portion of a parent's time. At any one time, on average, school-age children have about five or six traits or behaviors that their parents find difficult.
This work consistently demonstrated that youth of authoritative parents had the most favorable development outcomes; authoritarian and permissive parenting were associated with negative developmental outcomes; while outcomes for children of neglectful parents were poorest.
1. Secure Attachment. Secure attachment in a child is generally regarded as the most beneficial and least likely to produce anxiety. This type of attachment is characterized by a loving parent who responds to the child's needs consistently, from infancy onward.
Good parenting is an accumulation of actions and interactions that you have with your child. It is driven with purpose and end goals in mind. Good parenting aims to develop in children character traits like independence, self-direction, honesty, self-control, kindness, and cooperation.
Maternal and paternal authoritative parenting style positively predicted emotional regulation whereas maternal and paternal permissive parenting style negatively predicted emotional regulation among adolescents. The findings were non-significant on both maternal and paternal authoritarian parenting style.
Authoritarian parents are highly demanding and directive, but not responsive. "They are obedience- and status-oriented, and expect their orders to be obeyed without explanation" (Baumrind, 1991, p. 62).
Which parent style encourages children's independence?
Research suggests that authoritative parents are more likely to raise independent, self-reliant and socially competent kids.
According to research published in 2012, children raised by authoritative parents have higher levels of self-esteem and quality of life than those raised by authoritarian or permissive parents.
The most powerful tool for effective discipline is attention—to reinforce good behaviors and discourage others. Remember, all children want their parent's attention. Catch them being good. Children need to know when they do something bad--and when they do something good.
Of the 4 parenting types, experts agree that the authoritative parenting style is the one that yields better results. Children raised in authoritative environments tend to do better emotionally and in social situations long term in comparison to children who are raised under authoritarian or neglectful environments.
Permissive parenting, also known as the indulgent parenting style, is a parenting style characterized by high responsiveness and low demandingness. Permissive-indulgent parents are very responsive to their child's emotional needs. But they don't set limits or are very inconsistent in enforcing boundaries.
However, research studies on discipline consistently show that strict, or authoritarian, child-raising actually produces kids with lower self esteem who behave worse than other kids -- and therefore get punished more! Strict parenting actually creates behavior problems in children.
The authoritative parenting style is the most common parenting style and the majority of the parents adopt mixed parenting styles.
In fact, age 8 is so tough that the majority of the 2,000 parents who responded to the 2020 survey agreed that it was the hardest year, while age 6 was better than expected and age 7 produced the most intense tantrums.
Neglectful parenting is probably the most harmful parenting style because it can negatively affect the child's well-being and development. Children who grow up with uninvolved parents may have low self-esteem and self-confidence and lack self-control and social skills.
These parenting styles have been found to apply across cultures and classes, but research has shown that in all cultures parents with lower SES are more likely to use 'authoritarian' parenting styles than those in higher SES brackets (Hoff et al., 2002).
What age of parenting is the hardest?
It's no wonder then that research finds that the hardest years of parenting are the tween, (or middle school if you're in the USA) years. They may be less physically exhausting than the early years, but emotionally they are so much more exhausting.